Can you solve the mystery?
During the 1930s, the renowned archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler discovered a series of mass graves at Maiden Castle in Dorset. Over the next few weeks you will obtain evidence that helps you discover just what happened to the people found in those graves!
Photograph of Sir Mortimer Wheeler (left), taken during the excavations of Maiden Castle in 1937.
Maiden Castle in Dorset, is the largest Iron Age Hillfort in Britain. The renowned archaeologist, Sir Mortimer Wheeler discovered a number of skeletons with evidence of wounds.
The slopes of the hillfort were part of its defences. While most of the hillforts in Wessex went out of use during the later Iron Age, Maiden Castle was still occupied at the time of the Roman conquest in AD43. During the time of the Iron Age, the British people were divided into tribes. The map shows the tribes that lived in southern England. The Durotriges tribe ruled the region around Maiden Castle.
Using the evidence, you are to formulate an initial hypothesis if what you think happened to the Maiden Castle skeletons. You can either complete the investigation sheet provided or create your own!
Click on the icon to download the WEEK 1 question / answer sheet.
In AD43, the Romans invaded Britain, under the Emperor Claudius. The Second Legion was sent to the south-west, the area around Maiden Castle. They set up their first base, near Chichester in Sussex, then continued to Exeter where they set up their main base.
After 16 years, the Romans had conquered much of southern England. The Romans wanted Britain’s precious metals. They called the land ‘Britannia’, which meant ‘land of tin’. However, they weren’t just a destructive force- they built new forts, new settlements and roads. They spread their culture, language and laws. When the Romans invaded, the Celtic tribes had to decide whether or not to fight back. If they made peace, they agreed to obey Roman laws and pay taxes. In return they could keep their kingdoms.
Look at the evidence below and complete the worksheet. You can also continue with your own format of presenting your findings if you do not want to use the writing frames.
Click on the icon to download the WEEK 2 question / answer sheet.
In History, hypotheses can change over time and new ideas about the past are created. Do you agree with Professor Expert’s hypothesis?
Look at the evidence below and complete the worksheet. You can also continue with your own format of presenting your findings if you do not want to use the writing frames
Click on the icon to download the WEEK 3 question / answer sheet.
Once you have completed your work pack, submit your answers using the form below or email them to Miss Bradbury at firstname.lastname@example.org